SWCD History

Soil and Water Conservation Districts

Districts are the heart and soul of conservation at the local level. They are subdivisions of state government led by a five-member board of supervisors. Each of Indiana’s 92 counties has a SWCD all having the same primary goal of putting effective conservation practices on the ground. Some of the consevation practices that SWCD’s help to implement are:

  • Farm conservation practices to keep soil in the field and out of waterways.
  • Conserve and restore wetlands.
  • Protect groundwater and surface water from pollutants.
  • Plant trees and grasses to hold the soil in place at the same time those trees and grasses are providing cover for wildlife. 
  • Assist developers while they are under construction, by providing guidance concerning soil loss runoff.   

History of SWCD’s

In 1937 after hearing a compelling testimony on Capitol Hill by soil scientist Hugh Hammond Bennett regarding the erosion problem in America, President Roosevelt wrote the governors of all of the states recommending legislation that would allow landowners to form soil conservation districts. In 1940 a goup of landowners in Knox County, Indiana came together to form our SWCD.


What do we do?

  • Work to conserve our natural resources.
  • Provide technical information to farmers.  
  • Provide technical information to the public.